Immigration-related crime is now taking up to 50% of Federal Law Enforcement resources. The increase of immigration-related arrests highlights the burden of policing immigration crime, which has grown over the last decade.
Federal law enforcement agencies are making more arrests for immigration-related offenses and fewer arrests for other types of offenses – including drug, property and gun crimes – than they were a decade ago, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of new data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Half (50%) of the 165,265 total arrests made by the federal government in fiscal 2014 – the most recent year for which statistics are available – were for immigration-related offenses, such as crossing the border illegally or smuggling others into the United States. A decade earlier, immigration-related offenses accounted for 28% of all federal arrests…
All other crimes slightly decreased from 2004 to 2014:
- Drug arrests: Decreased from 23 percent of arrests to 14 percent.
- Probation/Parole infractions: Over the 10-year period fell from 17% to 14%.
- Property crimes: Declined from 11% to 8%.
- Weapons: Down from 7 percent to 4 percent.
Non-US citizen arrests increased while US citizen arrest numbers declined.
In 2014, 61% of all federal arrests involved non-U.S. citizens, up from 43% in 2004. U.S. citizens, by contrast, accounted for 39% of all arrests in 2014, down from 57% a decade earlier.
Customs and Border protection — an agency within the DHS — made more arrests in 2014 than all of the federal agencies.
just one agency within DHS – Customs and Border Protection – made more arrests in 2014 (64,954) than all of the agencies within DOJ combined (58,265). DOJ agencies include the FBI, the Drug Enforcement Agency, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives and the U.S. Marshals Service.
Geographic – highest numbers in five federal judicial districts.
The geographic distribution of federal arrests also shows the growing emphasis on immigration offenses. In 2014, 61% of all federal arrests – or more than 100,000 – occurred in just five federal judicial districts along the U.S.-Mexico border. In 2004, those five districts – one each in Arizona, California and New Mexico, plus two in Texas – accounted for 40% of federal arrests.
Online: Pew Research: Immigration offenses make up a growing share of federal arrests