Anti-Semitism is still prevalent in more than a quarter of the world’s population finds a sobering new study, with region more than religion shaping people’s view of Jews and Judaism. With the global average harboring intense anti-Jewish sentiment at 26%; 1.09 billion adults hold anti-Semitic views around the world. The survey also found that a large proportion of the world has never heard of the Holocaust (54%) or denies historical accounts of it (32%).
The Global 100 Index is the first-ever global study of anti-Semitic attitudes; it was released by the Anti-Defamation League. The survey was based questions that refer on 11 stereotypes. Those who answered ‘probably’ or ‘definitely’ true to six or more of the questions were deemed to be anti-Semitic. The study purposely set the bar for anti-Semitism very high, to make its results conservative.
The highest levels of anti-Semitism were found in the West Bank and Gaza at 93%. The 10 most anti-Semitic countries and territories are the West Bank and Gaza, Iraq, Yemen, Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Jordan and Morocco.
The least anti-Semitic place in the world is Laos (0.2%). The 10 least anti-Semitic countries are Laos, the Philippines, Sweden, the Netherlands, Vietnam, the United Kingdom, the United States, Denmark, Tanzania and Thailand.
The Middle Eastern country with the lowest anti-Semitism Index Score is Iran at 56%.
Western Europe has an average of 24% level of anti-Semitic views. Outside of the Middle East the country with the highest level of anti-Semitic views is Greece at 69%.
The region a person lives in seems to correlate more strongly with a person’s view on Jews than a person’s religion. Muslims overall 49% held anti-Semitic views. In the Middle East and North Africa 75% of Muslims held anti-Semitic views. Christians in the Middle East and North Africa 64% hold anti-Semitic views. Christians overall 24% hold anti-Semitic views.
Regionally, the Middle East and North Africa 74% of respondents hold anti-Semitic views. That compares to 23% of all people in sub-Saharan Africa, 22% in Asia, 19% in the Americas, and Oceania with the lowest score of 14%.
A large majority of those surveyed (74%) said that they had never met a Jewish person, 25% nonetheless harbored anti-Semitic attitudes.
A large proportion of the world has never heard of the Holocaust (54%) or denies historical accounts of it (32%). Holocaust awareness was highest in Western Europe (94%) and lowest in sub-Saharan Africa with only 24%.
The survey interviewed 53,100 adults in 96 languages in over 100 countries with funding from New York philanthropist Leonard Stern. The study has a margin of error of plus or minus 4.4 percentage points for most countries.
Online: ADL Global Index 100 Study