Tag Archives: Pew Research Center

Pew: Half Of All Federal Arrests Are For Immigration-Related Crimes

Immigration-related crime is now taking up to 50% of Federal Law Enforcement resources.  The increase of immigration-related arrests highlights the burden of policing immigration crime, which has grown over the last decade.

Federal law enforcement agencies are making more arrests for immigration-related offenses and fewer arrests for other types of offenses – including drug, property and gun crimes – than they were a decade ago, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of new data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Half (50%) of the 165,265 total arrests made by the federal government in fiscal 2014 – the most recent year for which statistics are available – were for immigration-related offenses, such as crossing the border illegally or smuggling others into the United States. A decade earlier, immigration-related offenses accounted for 28% of all federal arrests…

All other crimes slightly decreased from 2004 to 2014:

  • Drug arrests: Decreased from 23 percent of arrests to 14 percent.
  • Probation/Parole infractions: Over the 10-year period fell from 17% to 14%.
  • Property crimes: Declined from 11% to 8%.
  • Weapons: Down from 7 percent to 4 percent.

Non-US citizen arrests increased while US citizen arrest numbers declined.

In 2014, 61% of all federal arrests involved non-U.S. citizens, up from 43% in 2004. U.S. citizens, by contrast, accounted for 39% of all arrests in 2014, down from 57% a decade earlier.

Customs and Border protection — an agency within the DHS — made more arrests in 2014 than all of the federal agencies.

just one agency within DHS – Customs and Border Protection – made more arrests in 2014 (64,954) than all of the agencies within DOJ combined (58,265). DOJ agencies include the FBI, the Drug Enforcement Agency, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives and the U.S. Marshals Service.

 

Geographic – highest numbers in five federal judicial districts.

The geographic distribution of federal arrests also shows the growing emphasis on immigration offenses. In 2014, 61% of all federal arrests – or more than 100,000 – occurred in just five federal judicial districts along the U.S.-Mexico border. In 2004, those five districts – one each in Arizona, California and New Mexico, plus two in Texas – accounted for 40% of federal arrests.

Online:  Pew Research:  Immigration offenses make up a growing share of federal arrests

Pew Research Center: If The U.S. Were A Village Of 100 People: Charting Americans’ Religious Affiliations

Pew research reduced the entire religious composition of the U.S. to a small village that was truly representative of the religious diversity of the U.S.  Makes it easier to picture and understand.

As of 2014, there were roughly 245 million adults in the United States, including 173 million Christians and 56 million people without a religious affiliation. These are big numbers that, along with many others in the religious demographic pie, can at times make it difficult to fully understand the American religious landscape.

But what if we looked at this big picture a little differently? What if we imagined the United States as a small town, population 100, instead of a continent-spanning nation with hundreds of millions of people? Doing so presents an interesting thought experiment because it allows us to see basic data about the U.S. and its people in a fresh, simple and illuminating way.

The following five charts use data from the 2014 Religious Landscape Study to create a religious demographic profile of the U.S. if the country were made up of exactly 100 adults. 

If the United States contained just 100 adults, 25 would be people who identify with evangelical Protestant denominations, 23 would be religiously unaffiliated and 21 would be Catholic. Just two would be Mormon, two would be Jewish and one would be Muslim.

100religious_affiliation

Online: Pew Research – If the U.S. had 100 people: Charting Americans’ religious affiliations

Pew Study In Israel

“Nearly 70 years after the establishment of the modern state of Israel, its Jewish population remains united behind the idea that Israel is a homeland for the Jewish people and a necessary refuge from rising anti-Semitism around the globe,” stated Pew researchers.

surveyMost Israelis show unity that Israel is a homeland for Jewish people, there are deep division in Israeli society.

Israeli Jews are more religious than secular, they disagree on a range of public policies – “including marriage, divorce, conversion, military conscription, transportation, public prayer and gender segregation.”

Nearly all Israeli Jews identify with one of four categories: Haredi (commonly translated as “ultra-Orthodox”), Dati (“religious”), Masorti (“traditional”) or Hiloni (“secular”).

Most Jews across the religious spectrum agree in principle that Israel can be both a democracy and a Jewish state. But they are at odds about what should happen, in practice, if democratic decision-making collides with Jewish law (halakha). The vast majority of secular Jews say democratic principles should take precedence over religious law, while a similarly large share of ultra-Orthodox Jews say religious law should take priority.

Most Jews favor drafting Haredi men into military. Israeli Jews were about evenly divided between those who favor (45%) and oppose (47%) allowing women to pray out loud at the Western Wall.  Religiously observant Jews say that Israel should shut down public transport on the Sabbath (as it mostly does) while the vast majority of secular Israelis object to the lack of public transportation on Shabbat.

Politically, Datiim (religious) lean toward the right; most Hilonim (secular) see themselves in the center.

The majority of  secular Israeli Jews observe cultural aspects of religion.

Seven-in-ten Haredim (70%) and roughly half of Datiim (52%) say being Jewish is mainly a matter of religion, while 3% of Haredim and 16% of Datiim say being Jewish is mainly a matter of ancestry and/or culture.

87% of Hilonim say they hosted or attended a Seder last Passover, and about half (53%) say they at least sometimes light candles before the start of the Sabbath.

81% of Israeli adults are Jewish, while the remainder are mostly ethnically Arab and religiously Muslim (14%), Christian (2%) or Druze (2%).

Half of Israeli Jews (48%) say Arabs should be transferred or expelled from Israel while a similar share (46%) disagree with this.

Pew conducted the study in Israel through face-to-face interviews in Hebrew, Arabic and Russian among 5,601 Israeli adults (ages 18 and older) in Israel October 2014 through May 2015.

Online:  Pew Study: Israel’s Religiously Divided Society (available in English, Hebrew, Arabic)

Pew Full Study-PDF: Israel’s Religiously Divided Society
Pew:  7 key findings about religion and politics in Israel
 

Importance Globally Of Religion In People’s Lives

The Pew Research Center’s 2015 Global Attitudes survey measured how different nationalities feel religion is very important in their lives.

Generally, people in poorer nations religion is more important than to people in wealthy nations – but the US bucks this trend.   53 per cent of Americans, down from 56% in 2007, feel strongly that religion is important in their lives ranking higher than residents of many other Western and European as well as other advanced economy nations, such as Japan.

Americans place less importance on religion in their lives than do people in a number of countries in Africa, the Middle East and Asia. For example, nearly universal shares of Ethiopians (98%), Senegalese (97%) and Indonesians (95%) say religion is very important, as do eight-in-ten or more Nigerians (88%), Filipinos (87%) and Indians (80%).

Countries where religion is broadly seen as important have a variety ofreligious makeups, ranging from predominantly Christian nations like the Philippines, to mostly Muslim countries like Indonesia, to Hindu-majority India and even to some religiously mixed countries like Nigeria.

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Online:  Pew Research: Americans are in the middle of the pack globally when it comes to importance of religion

Pew: Gun Deaths Down

The Pew Research Center reported this month that murder rates have dropped by nearly half, from 7.0 per 100,000 in 1993  to 3.6 homicides per 100,000 people in 2013.

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The nation’s overall gun death rate has declined 30% since 1993. This total includes homicides and suicides, in addition to a smaller number of fatal police shootings, accidental shooting deaths and those of undetermined intent. For example, in 2013 there were 467 fatal police shootings, up from 333 in 2009. (Government data on fatal police shootings are also collected and reported by the FBI, though the agency acknowledges there are discrepancies between federal and local law enforcement counts.)

The rate of nonfatal gun victimizations declined in a similar way to the gun death rate, with a large drop in the 1990s – 63% between 1993 and 2000. The decline since then has been more uneven. In 2014, there were 174.8 nonfatal violent gun victimizations per 100,000 people ages 12 and older.

Despite these trends, most U.S. adults think gun crimes have increased. Pew Research Center

Pew Study: U.S. Orthodox More Similar To Evangelicals Than To Other Jews

Jewish-American-FlagThe Pew Research Center released a massive study of American Judaism.  The most interesting point is Orthodox Jews in American are more similar to white evangelical  Christians than to other Jews.

But the revelation in a report released today by the Pew Research Center is that Orthodox Jews vote, believe, worship, act and raise their children more like white evangelical Protestants than like their fellow Jews. Forward

The vast majority of the two groups, 89% of Orthodox Jews and 93% of white evangelical Protestants, “believe in God with absolute certainty,” while only 28% of other Jews were certain in their belief in God. Times of Israel

There are other ways in which Orthodox Jews are more similar to evangelicals than to their non-Orthodox co-religionists. Orthodox Jews and Christian evangelicals attend religious services frequently, while only 12% of non-Orthodox Jews go to synagogue at least once a month. Forward

Orthodox Jews were more conservative politically than the other Jews, who are largely liberal. Fifty-seven percent of Orthodox respondents “identified with or leaned toward the Republican party,” while only a small minority, 18%, of other Jews felt similarly. White evangelicals also tended to lean Republican, with 66% of respondents backing the party. Times of Israel

The study portrays two separate communities: Modern Jews and Haredim ( ultra-Orthodox).  The difference between the two groups is stark while the Orthodox and Christian are more similar.

Asked about the importance of religion in their lives, 83% of Orthodox Jews say it is a very important factor, while only 20% of non-Orthodox Jews say so. By contrast, 86% of white evangelicals replied positively to this question.

There are other ways in which Orthodox Jews are more similar to evangelicals than to their non-Orthodox co-religionists. Orthodox Jews and Christian evangelicals attend religious services frequently (74% and 75%, respectively), while only 12% of non-Orthodox Jews go to synagogue at least once a month. The report shows that 89% of Orthodox Jews and 93% of Christian evangelicals believe in God with absolute certainty, while only 34% of all other Jews share this belief. Forward

Orthodox Jews comprise 10% of all American Jews their share of the U.S. Jewish population is increasing.

Orthodox respondents were on average younger, more likely to be married and have minor children living in their home. They had at least twice as many children as non-Orthodox Jews, and close to all of them, 98%, were raising their children Jewish, compared to 78% for other Jews. Times of Israel

Over time a gradual separation grew between Jews and Christians.  The Pew Study shows a massive similarity today between Orthodox Jews and  conservative and evangelical Christians. It seems God is bring Orthodox Jews and Christians to the together especially in Israel.

Pew Research: Christian Share Of The U.S. Population Is Declining

3d-man-arrow-downwardThe United States is significantly a less Christian country that it was seven years ago shows the newest Pew Research Center’s report, “America’s Changing Religious Landscape,” released this week.

Americans religious identity is dominated by Christians at 70 percent.  There is a dramatic shift with atheists and agnostics nearly doubled and indifference toward religion is on the rise.

PewChristianDecline

Virtually all demographic groups saw a decline, people who describe themselves as Christians falling from 78.4 to 70.6. With decline mainly among mainline Protestants and Catholics.  Americans unaffiliated (nones) with any brand-name religion rose, with the bulk saying they believe “nothing in particular.”

Religious “nones” now constitute 19% of the adult population in the South (up from 13% in 2007), 22% of the population in the Midwest (up from 16%), 25% of the population in the Northeast (up from 16%) and 28% of the population in the West (up from 21%). In the West, the religiously unaffiliated are more numerous than Catholics (23%), evangelicals (22%) and every other religious group.

Online: Pew Research: America’s Changing Religious Landscape

Pew: Just 46% Of Children Live In A ‘Traditional’ Family

familysilhouetteAs the family goes, so goes the nation and so goes the whole world in which we live.  Pope John Paul II

The American family has altered.

 

The Pew Research Center study found, “Less than half (46%) of U.S. children younger than 18 years of age are living in a home with two married heterosexual parents in their first marriage. This is a marked change from 1960, when 73% of children fit this description, and 1980, when 61% did, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of recently-released American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census data.”

  • 4 percent are living with two cohabiting parents.
  • 5 percent of children are not living with either parent. In most of these cases, they are living with a grandparent.
  • 6 percent of all children are living with a stepparent.
  • 15 percent of children are living with two parents who are in a remarriage.
  • 34 percent of children today are living with an unmarried parent — up from just 9 percent in 1960.

Children born outside of marriage now stands at 41%, up from just 5% in 1960.

Study after study has confirmed that children from nuclear families fare better in education, emotional development, and spiritual areas. Family structure and parent involvement, especially fathers, has a massive impact on children.

The damage done and being done to the nuclear family is immense.  A nation can survive wars, disasters, a host of cataclysms, but the decline of the traditional family is a disaster that has a massive impact on a nation.

Online:  Pew: Less than half of U.S. kids today live in a ‘traditional’ family

 

Pew Survey: Jews, Catholics, Evangelicals Are Most Well-Liked Religious Groups in America

3d-character-holding-a-green-checkmark-The Pew Survey asked Americans to rate religions on a “feeling thermometer” scale from 0 to 100, with 0 being the coldest most negative and 100 being the warmest positive rating.

Jews(63), Catholics(62), and Evangelicals(61) were rated the most warmly religious groups in America, while Atheists(41) and Muslims(40) were rated least favorably.

When it came to attitudes among religious groups toward each other, Catholics and Evangelical Christians viewed each other warmly.  Evangelicals hold Jews in a positive view(69). Jews gave Evangelicals a much cooler rating (34), which is lower than the Jews’ rating toward Muslins(35).

Partisan politics played a role in views of religious groups.  Republicans gave a very high rating to Evangelicals, 71, to Jews, 67, and to Catholics, 66, with the lowest ratings to Atheists, 34, and to Muslims, 33.

Democrats rated Jews the highest at 62, Catholics at 61, Evangelicals at 53, Muslims at 47, Atheists at 46, and Mormons the lowest rating at 44.   Jews scored well on both sides of the political aisle.  With the exception of Jews, the non-Christian groups receive warmer ratings from Democrats than Republicans.

Online:  Pew Research How Americans Feel About Religious Groups